Back pain is one of the most common medical problems experienced by adults. According to the Mayo Clinic, back pain affects 8 out of 10 people at some point in their lives. Fortunately, you can take measures to prevent or relieve most occurrences of back pain.
What are types of back pain?
Back pain can range from a constant ache to a shooting pain. Chronic back pain lasts for three months or longer. Acute back pain lasts between 4 and 12 weeks.
What causes back pain?
There are many conditions that may result in back pain. These include:
- Muscle or ligament strain
- Bulging or ruptured disks
- Skeletal irregularities
What should I do?
Most of the time, your back pain will go away on its own with home treatment and self-care. However, it may take a while. Over-the counter pain reliever as well as resting can help. But keep in mind: too much rest can make it worse. Staying in bed for over a day or two can lead to worse pain and no improvements.
When should I seek medical help?
Most back pain gradually improves with home treatment and self-care, usually within two weeks. You should seek medical attention if your back pain:
- Doesn’t improve within 2 weeks of home treatment and self-care
- Occurred following an injury
- Is accompanied by a fever
- Causes bowel or bladder issues
- Is severe
- Spreads down one or both legs
- Causes weakness, numbness or tingling in one or both legs
- Is accompanied by unexplained weight loss
What is the treatment?
The treatment for back pain depends on the kind of pain you have and what the cause is. Treatment may include hot or cold packs, exercise, medicines, injections, and possibly even surgery. Home remedies include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
- Ice packs to relieve discomfort and help lessen inflammation in acute back pain.
- Warm compresses to relieve pain when inflammation has subsided.
How do I prevent back pain?
There are many ways you can avoid experiencing back pain. Improving your physical condition as well as practicing proper body mechanics are some of the best ways.
- Build muscle strength and flexibility
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Practice good posture
- Lift smart (with your legs and a straight back)
What about physical therapy?
For some, physical therapy may be a great option for the treatment of back pain. The overall goals of physical therapy are to decrease pain, increase function, and provide education on a maintenance program to prevent future recurrences.
At Physicians Immediate Care, we provide physical therapy at 9 of our locations. We use an attentive, one-on-one approach to help you get on the road to a faster and more thorough recovery. Our licensed physical therapists and physical therapy assistants focus on relieving pain, restoring function, and strengthening the areas causing you difficulty. Because we know a fast and full recovery doesn’t just happen two or three days a week, we’ll also provide you with education and tools to use outside your one on one physical therapy session.
We can help!
At Physicians Immediate Care, we can help alleviate your back pain. From sprains to broken bones and other non-life threatening injuries, our clinics are a worry-free alternative to the emergency room. The only thing better than the short waits is the attentive care. You can also get supplies like crutches, slings, splints, and back supports right at the clinic.
American Physical Therapy Association, “Benefits of a Physical Therapist,” http://www.moveforwardpt.com/forhealthcareprofessionals/detail/benefits-of-physical-therapist
Cleveland Clinic, “What Can Physical Therapy Do For Your Back & Neck Pain,” https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/what-can-physical-therapy-do-for-your-back-and-neck-pain
MedlinePlus, “Back Pain,” https://medlineplus.gov/backpain.html
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, “What Is Back Pain?,” https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/back_pain/back_pain_ff.asp